|As mentioned, Bogota is the capital of the Republic of Colombia. This is a culturally rich city located inland within the Andean Highlands. Although at a high elevation (2,600m/8530ft), Bogota has a pleasantly constant climate with a year-round average high of 19C.
There are a good many museums here, though one which comes highly recommended is the Gold Museum (El Museo del Oro) which is said to have an impressive collection of gold and pre-Colombian artefacts. If you enjoy museums and are interested in the Colombian history, the National Museum (Museo Nacional) is situated within a large building with over 20,000 pieces on display. This is the oldest museum in the country, built in 1823.
Bogota also has many interesting neighbourhoods including the historical La Candelaria. This is the oldest part of the city and has attractive buildings including churches and museums.
For great views of the city there are two options. You can go to the top of Bogota’s highest building, called Torre Colpatria which has a viewing deck open Friday to Sunday, or you can travel on the funicular up to Monserrate. Due to the high elevation this can get cold though!
Colombia also has many other interesting and beautiful cities. These include Cartagena on the Caribbean coast. This is a very popular city with visiting tourists due to its colonial architecture, and it has UNESCO World Heritage Site status.
Slightly further north along the coast is Santa Marta, another popular tourist city. This has some of the best beaches in Colombia and offers opportunities for diving in coral reefs.
Away from the cities, Colombia has much varied and beautiful landscapes to enjoy, as well as ancient architecture such as the pre-Colombian city of Ciudad Perdida. This was built between the 8th and 14th century by Tayrona Indians, and though not much is left of the city it is still an impressive site within the jungle.
Colombia also has a variety of protected areas, including national natural parks, national natural reserves and flora and fauna sanctuaries. These include the Purace National Park, outside the religious city of Popayan, and the National Park of Los Nevados near the city of Pereira.